Snow Control is a 6-week, Internet-based self-help intervention for problematic cocaine use among individuals who intend to change their consumption of cocaine.
Four core modules that address strategies for goal achievement, identifying risk situations, dealing with cravings, and dealing with relapse are accessible on a weekly basis in the first 3 weeks. Four optional modules, including enjoying leisure time, stress management, refusal skills, and maintenance, are available during weeks 4-6. A use diary appears upon each login (past week use and planned week use).
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Young Adults (18-30)
Web-based cognitive behavioral self-help intervention to reduce cocaine consumption in problematic cocaine users: Randomized controlled trial.
Summary: In this randomized controlled trial, 196 cocaine-using adults were assigned to either an intervention group that received interactive CBT modules and a cocaine use diary for 6 weeks, or a control group that received didactic information modules for parallel duration. Assessments of outcomes occurred at baseline, 3 weeks, 6 weeks and 6 months.
Retention was significantly better in the Snow Control group; however, there were no observed differences between groups in outcome variables across assessment points. The average number of cocaine free days did not change significantly between weeks 1 and 6 for either group. The weekly quantity of cocaine use decreased equally in both groups.
Take Away: Snow Control is no more effective than didactic information.